Taxonomía y Origen 2. Sampling theory of surveys with applications. Description. Fitopatologia de G. N. Agrios, Libro en PDF 25 octubre, 2017. and financing for both, during production and marketing. 2010. When comparing these yields to the State average and national figures it's shown that are duplicated, since the State yield is 13.01 t ha-1 and 13.39 t ha-1 nationally The producers have irrigation and technical assistance in a high percentage (32.2%) compared to the national total, 0.95%. Guía Técnica para el Manejo Integrado de Plagas y Enfermedades... Manual de Injerto de todos los arboles y arbustos, Fitopatologia de G. N. Agrios, Libro en PDF, Plaguicidas naturales, Manual de Elaboración en PDF. Es muy conocida en el mundo entero por sus variadas cualidades, sobre todo por su alto contenido en vitamina C, su elevado coeficiente de digestibilidad y por la cantidad de calorías que aporta (Yam et al., 2010;Lakpathi et al., 2013; The State of Mexico is the third largest avocado producer nationwide, and has a planted area of 3611 hectares in 21 municipalities, representing a production of more than 23 000 tonnes per year, an amount that was reached in 2013, and generated about 281 million pesos. Los indicadores financieros que se obtuvieron son: VAN= $799 594 88; RB/C= 2.07; TIR= 45.53%; estos resultados manifiestan que esta actividad productiva ha sido rentable y viable. Composición química de un medio de cultivo a partir de guayaba agria (Psidium araca) y su relación con la nutrición de los microorganismos ruminales. (Díaz, 1987; CONABIO, 2008) despite the high yields, the producers said to have problems in the technology used, as it presents a delay especially in pruning, fertilization, irrigation, harvest schedule, plus the lack of control pests. Page: Presentation Mode Open Print Current View. The fruit characters were: flesh color, weight, shape, seed content, titratable acidity, total solid content, C vitamin and lycopene. Fructification Pruning in Guava Crop (Psidium guajava L.) and its Influence on Yield. Considering this situation, fruits and, following the optimal allocation criterion (Bhattacharyya, The variable under consideration was the yield in kg ha, se localizan al sur del estado. The plant characters studied were: vigour, phenology, tolerance to the disease locally known as "clavo" (Pestalotiopsis psidii) and low temperatures. Both, the producers and officials said that the mainreason for not adopt innovations and not working as a group, is primarily due to mistrust, and second is the ignorance and the third is the lack of time. Cachuchas y gorras para agronomos. En el INIFAP, se inició la recolecta de material en la región Calvillo-Cañones desde la década de los 80s, realizando Home. Presentation Mode Open Print Download Current View. 2nd revised ed, Hacia una cafeticultura moderna y sustentable, Proyección económica de unidades representativas de producción en caprinos en la comarca lagunera, México, Tipología del productor de aguacate en el Estado de México, Market research of avocado, guava and peach in Mexico city, Mexico. with pecan trees distributed throughout the state; the purpose of this study was to characterize the production , marketing and value addition processes of pecan nuts in the northern part of the state (five springs region), in order to identify areas of opportunity that the actors involved can take advantage of for obtaining better benefits. Several authors proposed monthly pruning all the year, as well as, pruning at least three times a year. The agricultural sector in Mexico is becoming less competitive, since there is a growing food import, which implies the existence of reduced ability to produce and distribute them in the market. Figure 1. Iowa State University Press. Tweet: 1. Gorras de Agronomía. Comentarios. For Coatepec de Harinas, the average yield was 28.56 t ha-1. It is a natural source of vitamins and minerals, which makes it one of the most valuable and appreciated fruits (Lakpathi et al., 2013). The most important results were: 1) the cultivars of great impact are Temporalera M8 7 and Romaga F96. In the center of the country, the State of Mexico is third in the production of this fruit. Rural average guava price (2003= 100). Plagas y Enfermedades 6.1. Posteriormente de realizada la primera poda del árbol de guayaba antes de cultivarla, pasa un total de 8 meses aproximado para que vuelva a dar fruto. GUIA TECNICA DEL CULTIVO DE LA GUAYABA PROGRAMA MAG-CENTA-FRUTALES CENTRO NACIONAL DE TECNOLOGIA AGROPECUARIA Y FORESTAL " Enrique Alvarez Córdova " . Morfología 3. This is the main reason for low yield and reduced profitability. Contenido general del manual tecnico del cultivo de guayaba: Guardar mi nombre, correo y pagina web en este sitio para comentarios futuros. Embed. Email. Description Download 233cultivo de La Guayaba Comments. According to the statistical analysis, certain characteristics are required if wanted to be part of the competition within this market: a) the guava should be of medium size, medium consistency and no freckles on the outside; b) the peach should be of medium size, medium consistency, reddish color and seed glued to the pulp; and c) the Hass avocado, exceeds the consumers preference over the Creole and Fuerte varieties; as it has a hard shell and easy detachment, households prefer the medium size. Considerando que el cultivo de guayaba tiene amplias perspectivas, ya que su aprovechamiento no solo es como fruta fresca, sino también en jaleas, conservas, pastas, ate, bebidas enlatadas; al aumentar su rendimiento y producción podría presentar una variante en el consumo domestico de este tipo de alimentos. In order to analyze the profitability, the adoption rate of innovations and causal attribution of the reluctance to adopt innovations and collective work of growers of broccoli and celery, which are representative crops of vegetables in México City a study, was performed. cultivo ha tenido un desarrollo elevado en las 2 últimas décadas, ya que para 1978 se estimaban en el Estado 418 ha (Almaguer 1997; Lara 1988) y en el 2001 6,306 ha plantadas de guayaba, con una producción de 101,693 toneladas, con un rendimiento promedio de 16.1 ton/ha (SAGARPA, 2003). Those with low income levels, shop at flea markets and grocery stores. Enable hand tool. All rights reserved. © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. However, other authors recommend the use of severe pruning for obtain higher yield. municipalities Temascaltepec and Coatepec de Harinas, in the State of Mexico in 2010. EL SISTEMA SOCIOECOLÓGICO DE LAS HUERTAS DE GUAYABA EN CALVILLO, AGUASCALIENTES: SITUACIÓN ACTUAL Y PERSPECTIVAS. et al., 2009). WorldCat Home About WorldCat Help. Técnicas de cultivo 6. A problem that the producers are facing is the fall in real prices between 1980-2008, these decreased at an average annual rate of -1.24%, has led losses in profitability. Evaluación de variedades, Schwentesius, S. R.; Nieto, M. C. y Cuevas, S. J. D. M.; Larqué, S. B. S.; Ramírez, V. with applications. In the state, the county of Coatepec de Harinas, has a planted area of, 1 988 ha, an average yield of 14.8 t ha–1 and a production volume of 29 350 t. The study was conducted in 2007 to analyze the technical aspects of production and type of peach farmer. Those with a medium income level prefer markets and tianguis. Rentabilidad de chile manzano (Capsicum pubescens R Y P) producido en invernadero en Texcoco, Estado de México, Rentabilidad de hortalizas en el Distrito Federal, México, Aspectos técnicos y caracterización del productor de durazno en el Estado de México, México, Determinación de la competitividad del sector agropecuario en México, 1980-2009, Estudio de caso del impacto de la transferencia de tecnología en trigo del INIFAP, CARACTERIZACIÓN DE SELECCIONES DE GUAYABA PARA EL BAJÍO DE GUANAJUATO, MÉXICO, ESTUDIO DE MERCADO DE AGUACATE, GUAYABA Y DURAZNO EN EL DISTRITO FEDERAL, MÉXICO, Características fisicoquímicas y fisiológicas de frutos de guayaba de los tipos Criolla Roja y San Miguel procedentes de dos plantaciones comerciales. Those with low income levels, shop at flea markets and grocery stores. Report "233cultivo de La Guayaba" Please fill this form, we will try to respond as soon as possible. Find items in libraries near you. México índices de precios de genéricos para producción total de guayaba. The method used was simple, random sampling, conducting open and closed questions to 50 ejido farmers and smallholders in the municipalities of Temascaltepec, and Coatepec de Harinas in 2008. Generic price indices for total production of guava. Reason. In the State, importance of guava in the State of Mexico, until, value of production. Sin embargo, el estudio de ejida-tarios que cultivan tierras con buen potencial productivo muestra las enormes limitaciones de estos programas para lograr dichas metas. Regarding the economic gain, the benefit-cost ratio for 2008 indicated that 0.38 of profit is obtained for each product unit sold. Submit Close. Así mismo, el análisis de sensibilidad permitió observar que soportaría un aumento de 5 y 10 unidades en la tasa de interés y que los precios se mantuvieran normales, además, el proyecto permite un descenso en 5 y 10% de los precios pero sin que la tasa de interés se modifique. Figure 2. Find more information about: OCLC Number: 951188046: … Con los, destinan a la cosecha. 201, Sangerman-Jarquín. Regarding the place of purchase, households prefer the following: People with high levels of income regardless of their house¿s size prefer the supermarket (Aurrera has the highest frequency). PDF | On Oct 1, 2012, Gerhard Fischer and others published Guayaba (Psidium guajava L.) | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate El objetivo central es estudiar los efectos que tienen estos programas en los pequeños productores ejidales que producen maíz, trigo y sorgo para el merca-do. Por otra parte, reflexionar sobre la posibilidad de que, gracias a la existencia de estos programas que se inscriben en las políticas guber-namentales recomendadas por la Organización para la Cooperación y el Desarrollo Económico, los ejidatarios logren mayor competitividad y puedan integrarse de manera más ventajosa al comercio multilateral, lo que favorecería la conservación de su identidad como productores de granos y su reproducción social. All figure content in this area was uploaded by Rita Schwentesius de Rindermann, All content in this area was uploaded by Rita Schwentesius de Rindermann on Nov 25, 2014, Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Agrícolas V, El objetivo de esta investigación consistió, aspectos técnicos y socioeconómicos de la producción de, los productores manifestaron, problemas en la tecnología, conducting open and closed questions to 50 ejido, yields to the State average and national gures it’, (Yúnez and Barceinas, 2008). variedades de guayaba en México (Padilla . Your name. ... identi cados en el cultivo de nogal fueron tres: gravedad . Trade liberalization has not resulted in increased competitiveness, but it can be improved by giving priority to food sovereignty by strengthening its domestic market and investing in public goods. The objective of this study was to characterize eight guava selections: seven with pink flesh and one of white flesh, developed by the horticulture program of the National Research Institute for Forestry, Agriculture and Livestock (INIFAP). En el Estado el cultivo se ubica principalmente en la No obstante, el déficit hídrico causa una sensible reducción del rendimiento y una disminución (en dependencia del tipo de suelo y el cultivar) del ciclo de vida de la planta. In addition, Zacatecas VT74, Mexico M82, Batan F96, Náhuatl F2000 and Tlaxcala F2000, all developed by INIFAP, were also used, 2) 60% of the farmers knows that INIFAP produces wheat seeds of improved cultivars, 3) farmers whom had used seeds from INIFAP indicated that the use of improved cultivars is beneficial due to higher yields and superior seed quality and, 4) the main production problems identified in the cereal were: weeds, pests and diseases throughout crop development, 5) the generation of technology in their own community is an important factor in its transference and adoption. Ames, Iowa. 0 Comentario. Cultivo y cosecha de guayaba Prácticas Seguras en el Sector Agrícola 15 Exposición a temperaturas elevadas durante la jornada de trasplante • Sombrero de ala ancha - Para labores realizadas con un índice de temperatura de globo bulbo húmedo mayor a 25.9 y hasta 27.8 grados centígrados, el tiempo de máxima exposición es de cuatro horas por igual número de horas de recuperación, sujeto a períodos … Figure 3. Go to First Page Go to Last Page. Find: Previous. Manejo del maíz en el estado de Tlaxcala, México: Rueda, B. M. C. 2009. [Carlos E Aponte; University of Puerto Rico (Mayagüez Campus). The results indicated that major technical problems were: agronomic management, fruit quality, size of the orchard and the markets in which they sell their product. In terms of profit, benefit-cost ratio for 2010 indicates that 0.38 units of profit are earned for each product unit sold. Evaluación de las selecciones de guayaba . Facebook Twitter Pinterest Whatsapp Email. When compared with state and national average, was observed that the amounts duplicate, since state yield is 13.01 t ha-1 and 13.39 t ha-1 nationally. The objectives of this research was: 1) to identify the variables that influence the tastes and preferences of urban consumers, when buying avocado, guava and peach; and 2) to relate the income levels and size of urban households with the purchase of fresh avocado, guava and peach in 2009. The objective of this research was to analyze the technical and socioeconomic aspects ofthe production of guava in the State of Mexico. The sampling method used was a simple random sample with proportional allocation to the size of the stratum, which consisted of applying a questionnaire with closed and open questions to 50 ejidal (communal) producers and smallholders. In relation to farmers, there is a need to promote their organization seeking to secure financial support for production and timely marketing, to facilitate the direct sale to consumers or to wholesale and to add value to their product. Agricultural Extension Service.] Contenido de la Guía Practica para Cultivar Guayaba. Two surveys were done during the period 20062007 with open and closed questions; one was applied to producers and the other to marketers-processors. Regarding the place of purchase, households prefer the following: People with high levels of income regardless of their house¿s size prefer the supermarket (Aurrera has the highest frequency). The studied selections can be a complement for the commercial varieties in terms of fruit type and harvest season. Those with low income levels, shop at flea markets and grocery stores. Requerimientos edafoclimáticos 4. Lo más visto. 1. El cultivo de este producto se lleva a cabo por un poco más de 10 mil familias campesinas, en una superficie cercana a las 23 mil hectáreas (Tabla II). The rate of adoption of innovations (INAI) of the farmers from the Federal District was 15%, which is considered quite low. El cultivo de la Guayaba Este género es originario de América tropical y abarca más de cien especies entre las que destaca P. guajava por su valor comercial. Search for Library Items Search for Lists Search for Contacts Search for a Library. Guardar mi nombre, correo y pagina web en este sitio para comentarios futuros. Bogotá : D - Universidad Nacional de Colombia, ©2009: Material Type: Document, Internet resource: Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File: All Authors / Contributors: Cecilia Lara Mantilla. Download PDF (1 MB) Show more info. In Temascaltepec average yields of 24.9 t ha-1 were obtained. Cultivo de arándanos: niveles referencias para análisis de suelo y... Aguacate o palta: rendimientos, densidades, climas y suelos. Share. Palabras clave: granos, ejidatarios, ocde, mercadeo. In the state of Coahuila, which borders the USA and is the center of the region from which the pecan tree originated, there are 13 thousand hectares planted, Join ResearchGate to discover and stay up-to-date with the latest research from leading experts in, Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. A review was made from the available information on the topic in Cuba and abroad. All pink selections show: large fruits, 118.4 to 207.6 g, produced from 6.5 to 34.7 kg per tree, its sugar content varied from 10.1 to 13.1 ºBrix, C vitamin from 83.29 to 185.75 mg 100 g and lycopene from 0.54 to 3.28 mg 100 g. Its natural harvest season extended from September 1 to November 15. El manual contiene todo los temas necesarios para realizar el cultivo de guayaba de forma exitosa, en los cuales destacan los siguientes puntos: Se aplicó una encuesta para, (private and ejido), agronomic (pests, diseases and weeds, el proceso del cultivo; del mismo modo, se estudiaron las, de los productores con la aplicación de agroquímicos; así, the producers surveyed regarding ownership, we, produce and distribute them in the market (A, 2011) in this sense, 75.9% of the farmers, cal agrícola y abono orgánico de res (Adams, frecuencia en los casos estudiados fue: aspersión, goteo y, tres formas de aprovechamiento: 1) las que utilizan, que los requerimientos de agua para este cultivo son de. Paquete tecnologico del cultivo de guayaba en PDF. Document Properties… Find. Guava (Psidium guajava L.) production and consumption in Mexico is based on traditional varieties types "Media China" and "Peruana" among others. Resumen: En este trabajo se analizan los principales programas de apoyo a la comercialización de granos impulsados por el gobierno mexicano en los últimos años, caracterizados por la disminución cre-ciente de su ámbito de influencia, su exclusiva orientación a las regio-nes de agricultura comercial, su focalización a un número cada vez menor de productores y su falta de continuidad. En el presente trabajo de investigación se presenta un análisis económico que determinó la rentabilidad de la producción de chile manzano producido bajo condiciones de invernadero en Texcoco, Estado de México. The study was conducted at the Bajio research station, Celaya, Guanajuato, during 2007 and 2008. Semilla de Canela y Esquejes de Vainilla y Pitahaya, Este sitio se dedica a compartir información de carácter agrónomico. Rotate Clockwise Rotate Counterclockwise. Highlight all Match case. The objective of this research was to determine the typology of avocado producers and was performed based on producers of two, The objectives of this research was: 1) to identify the variables that influence the tastes and preferences of urban consumers, when buying avocado, guava and peach; and 2) to relate the income levels and size of urban households with the purchase of fresh avocado, guava and peach in 2009. Those with a medium income level prefer markets and tianguis. It is well known throughout the world for its varied qualities, especially for its high content of vitamin C, digestibility coefficient and the amount of calories (Yam et al., 2010;Lakpathi et al., 2013; ... La fruta es una fuente natural de vitaminas y minerales lo que la hace una de las más valiosas y apreciadas (Lakpathi et al., 2013). La guayaba fue domesticada hace 2,000 años por los indígenas (MAG, 2007), hoy en día su cultivo se ha extendido a diferentes países del mundo por su gran aceptación, los principales productores son India, Brasil, México, Sud África, Jamaica, Kenya, Cuba, República Dominicana, Puerto Rico, Haití, Colombia, Estados Unidos (Hawai y Florida), Taiwán, Egipto y Filipinas. In terms of buying preferences, it was found that, the avocado, guava and peach, in households is determined by the level of income and household size, being the most significant variables: size, consistency and external color that each fruit may have. … Fruit characters observed in the selections compete with those of the commercial varieties. DOWNLOAD PDF . Tools. by the level of income and household size, being the most significant variables: size, consistency and external color that each fruit may have. Instructivo técnico para el cultivo de la guayaba las lluvias. Regarding the place of purchase, households prefer the following: People with high levels of income regardless of their house's size prefer the supermarket (Aurrera has the highest frequency). In terms of buying preferences, it was found that, the avocado, guava and peach, in households is determined, Pecan nut cultivation in Mexico is a growing activity, especially in northern states, due to the climatic and edaphological adaptation of pecan trees, as well as market conditions and the attractive returns from selling pecan nuts to the USA. by the level of income and household size, being the most significant variables: size, consistency and external color that each fruit may have. O. En zonas cálidas con precipitaciones bien repartidas durante todo el año se logra una producción continua. For Coatepec de Harinas, the average yield was 28.56 t ha-1. Con lo anterior, se espera contribuir en el incremento de la competitividad y sustentabilidad de este importante cultivo. Propagación 5. fedeagro.org/produccion/default.asp. Producción nacional de guayaba 2000-2008 (SIAP, 2009) De acuerdo con … Cultivo de Guayaba El tallo al principio es herbáceo presentando aristas y un color verde, a medida que madura se vuelve leñoso y desparecen las aristas y es de color café, alcanza alturas entre los 3 m. y 9 m. La corteza es delgada y lisa que cuando envejece se desprende en Previous. Diciembre 2010 Guía técnica del cultivo de guayaba. According to the statistical analysis, certain characteristics are required if wanted to be part of the competition within this market: a) the guava should be of medium size, medium consistency and no freckles on the outside; b) the peach should be of medium size, medium consistency, reddish color and seed glued to the pulp; and c) the Hass avocado, exceeds the consumers preference over the Creole and Fuerte varieties; as it has a hard shell and easy detachment, households prefer the medium size. Search. Pruning is a very important practice to get good yields from guava tree. The base information was a simple random sample consisting in the application of a questionnaire with open and close questions to 50 farmers. However, there is not a clear increasing tendency in the intensity of this practice, because the obtained results were different in terms of the cultivar investigated, plantation density, season and climate. / / ×. There are more homes for low and middle income who buy guava; conversely, the number of households buying peaches is higher as the income range increases. In Temascaltepec average yields were 24.9 t ha-1. The results clarified the marketing channels and the product sales margins, leading to the conclusion that it is necessary to improve technically the assistance to producers, to improve also the presentation of the product prior to marketing, and to support the processing of the nut in order to improve the performance of this production system. One problem facing avocado producers is the fall of real prices from 1980 to 2010; these decreased at an average annual rate of -1.24%, which implies a loss in profitability of producers. According to the statistical analysis, certain characteristics are required if wanted to be part of the competition within this market: a) the guava should be of medium size, medium consistency and no freckles on the outside; b) the peach should be of medium size, medium consistency, reddish color and seed glued to the pulp; and c) the Hass avocado, exceeds the consumers preference over the Creole and Fuerte varieties; as it has a hard shell and easy detachment, households prefer the medium size. The goal of this research was to identify the factors that favor or limit the use of bred wheat cultivars that have been developed by the breeding program of the National Research Institute for Forestry, Agriculture and Livestock (INIFAP). The present paper had as objective to examine researches accomplished on the pruning of guava tree and its influence in the yield of this fruit tree. The selected trees were grown from seed obtained from an open pollinated collection of guava trees from Brazil and Mexico. There are more homes for low and middle income who buy guava; conversely, the number of households buying peaches is higher as the income range increases. The study was conducted during 2006 in the Nanacamilpa county, Tlaxcala, Mexico, where wheat cultivation is an important component in the families' economy. Se incluyen temas de agricultura, agronomía, sustentabilidad, sistemas agropecuarios y todo lo relacionado al Agro. Producers count with irrigation and technical assistance in a high percentage (32.2%) compared to nationwide , which was 0.95%; despite the high yields, producers mentioned, problems with the technology as it presents a delay, especially in pruning, fertilization, irrigation, harvest schedule, plus the lack of pest control. Gómez. Next. Se encontró que la producción a campo abierto y de invernadero ha ido en aumento. Tabla II. By making a comparison of the profitability of the production between México and the United States of América it can be seen that, Mexican growers make a much lower profit than the U.S., even though, the production costs are lower, due to a low yield in the Federal District. A. Los rendimientos unitarios promedio son de 13 toneladas por hectárea y con un precio en el mercado por arriba de 3900 pesos por tonelada (Senado de la República, 2007). Correo de contacto: infoagronomico@gmail.com, @2020 - All Right Reserved. InfoAgronomo.Net. Es una especie nativa de América Tropical, su centro de origen es Brasil o algún lugar entre México y Perú, de acuerdo con algunos investigadores. Those with a medium income level prefer markets and tianguis. Previous research evidence increments of guava production with the pruning. Los subsidios a la comercialización de granos y los ejidatarios de Guanajuato: ¿una vía para conservar su identidad como graneleros? Inicio guia-cultivo-de-guayaba-pdf. 0. Create lists, bibliographies and reviews: or Search WorldCat. Gracias por visitar infoagronomo.net es la desviación estándar del i-ésimo estrato de, Benjamin Gabriel bgaskine Gaskins Espinosa. The aim of this paper was to analyze macroeconomic indicators to quantify the competitiveness of agriculture in Mexico and its tendency, within a framework of trade liberalization.