[91] Ali was only able to land two jabs while Inoki's kicks caused two blood clots and an infection that almost resulted in Ali's leg being amputated, as a result of Ali's team insisting on rules restricting Inoki's ability to wrestle. He stayed out of prison as he appealed the decision to the Supreme Court, which overturned his conviction in 1971, but he had not fought for nearly four years and lost a period of peak performance as an athlete.[8]. His retirement was short-lived, however; Ali announced his comeback to face Larry Holmes for the WBC belt in an attempt to win the heavyweight championship an unprecedented fourth time. Ali's actions as a conscientious objector to the Vietnam War made him an icon for the larger counterculture generation,[9][10] and he was a high-profile figure of racial pride for African Americans during the civil rights movement. Ali conceded "They didn't tell me about that in America", and complained that Carter had sent him "around the world to take the whupping over American policies. 2 Day Shipping. [64] The fight was controversial. After that he fought Joe Frazier a second time and won a unanimous 12-round decision. His final record of 56 wins and 5 losses with 37 knockouts has been matched by others, but the quality of his opponents and his overwhelming success during his prime placed him among boxing’s immortals. Edited versions of the bout were shown in movie theaters in 1970. [138] He also said, "Black men would go over there and fight, but when they came home, they couldn't even be served a hamburger. [65] The entire fight lasted less than two minutes. ", It was around this time that Ali started struggling with vocal stutters and trembling hands. In winning this fight at the age of 22, Clay became the youngest boxer to take the title from a reigning heavyweight champion. In the mid-1970s he began to study the Qurʾān seriously and turned to Orthodox Islam. In the sixth, Clay dominated, hitting Liston repeatedly. [154] Ali later said that turning his back on Malcolm was one of the mistakes he regretted most in his life. [285] In Japan, the match inspired Inoki's students Masakatsu Funaki and Minoru Suzuki to found Pancrase in 1993, which in turn inspired the foundation of Pride Fighting Championships in 1997. "[24] “I’ve wrestled with alligators, I’ve tussled with a whale. The press attributed his decline in wealth to several factors, including taxes consuming at least half of his income, management taking a third of his income,[249] his lifestyle, and spending on family, charity and religious causes. Considered by many to be the greatest heavyweight boxer ever, Ali won 56 career matches to just 5 losses. While banned from sanctioned bouts, Ali settled a $1 million lawsuit against radio producer Murray Woroner by accepting $10,000 to appear in a privately staged fantasy fight against retired champion Rocky Marciano. Ali won the fight by another unanimous decision, but the bout caused his longtime doctor Ferdie Pacheco to quit after he was rebuffed for telling Ali he should retire. Ali died on June 3, 2016. Ali returned to the United States to fight Cleveland Williams in the Houston Astrodome on November 14, 1966. The case was settled when Ali agreed to set up a $200,000 trust fund for Khaliah. [245], On September 1, 2009, Ali visited Ennis, County Clare, Ireland, the home of his great-grandfather, Abe Grady, who emigrated to the U.S. in the 1860s, eventually settling in Kentucky. [119], Kiiursti Mensah-Ali says she is Ali's biological daughter with Barbara Mensah, with whom he allegedly had a 20-year relationship,[120][121][122][123] citing photographs and a paternity test conducted in 1988. In the 12th round, Frazier began to tire, and Ali scored several sharp blows that closed Frazier's left eye and opened a cut over his right eye. I shook up the world. The defeat of Frazier set the stage for a title fight against heavyweight champion George Foreman in Kinshasa, Zaire, on October 30, 1974—a bout nicknamed The Rumble in the Jungle. It has been speculated that the problem was due to ointment used to seal Liston's cuts, perhaps deliberately applied by his corner to his gloves. But I could see that (The Vietnam War) wasn't right". In 1999, Ali was named the second greatest boxer in history, pound … The article quoted Cassius Clay Sr. as saying that his son had joined the Black Muslims when he was 18. [229] The same year, he participated in The Longest Walk, a protest march in the United States in support of Native American rights, along with singer Stevie Wonder and actor Marlon Brando. He told interviewer David Frost, "If you think the world was surprised when Nixon resigned, wait till I whup Foreman's behind! [92] Most boxing commentators at the time viewed the fight negatively and hoped it would be forgotten as some considered it a "15-round farce. [13][14] He was involved in several historic boxing matches and feuds, most notably his fights with Joe Frazier, such as the Fight of the Century and the Thrilla in Manila, and his fight with George Foreman, known as The Rumble in the Jungle, which has been called "arguably the greatest sporting event of the 20th century"[15][16] and was watched by a record estimated television audience of 1 billion viewers worldwide,[17][18] becoming the world's most-watched live television broadcast at the time. That's another level of leadership and sacrifice. He paid a bond and remained free while the verdict was being appealed. The Nation of Islam was widely viewed by whites and some African Americans as a black separatist "hate religion" with a propensity toward violence; Ali had few qualms about using his influential voice to speak Nation of Islam doctrine. [301] Ali was featured in Superman vs. Muhammad Ali, a 1978 DC Comics comic book pitting the champ against the superhero. [260], Ali was hospitalized in Scottsdale, Arizona, on June 2, 2016, with a respiratory illness. Ali denied the accusations of cruelty but, for Ali's critics, the fight provided more evidence of his arrogance. Before the match, Ali mocked Patterson, who was widely known to call him by his former name Cassius Clay, as an "Uncle Tom", calling him "The Rabbit". In a May 25, 1965, rematch against Liston, he emerged with a first-round knockout victory. At Howard University, for example, he gave his popular "Black Is Best" speech to 4,000 cheering students and community intellectuals, after he was invited to speak by sociology professor Nathan Hare on behalf of the Black Power Committee, a student protest group. [197][198] A review by the NSA of the Minaret program concluded that it was "disreputable if not outright illegal. Boxing magazine The Ring named him number one in a 1998 ranking of greatest heavyweights from all eras. As a result, he did not fight from March 1967 to October 1970—from ages 25 to almost 29—as his case worked its way through the appeals process before his conviction was overturned in 1971. The fact that he was proud to be a black man and that he had so much talent  ... made some people think that he was dangerous. [127] His mother Temica Williams (also known as Rebecca Holloway) had launched a $3 million lawsuit against Ali in 1981 for sexual assault, claiming that she had started a sexual relationship with him when she was 12, and that her son Osmon (born 1977) was fathered by Ali. [98][99], Following this win, on July 27, 1979, Ali announced his retirement from boxing. Clay's father's paternal grandparents were John Clay and Sallie Anne Clay; Clay's sister Eva claimed that Sallie was a native of Madagascar. Muhammad Ali's fights were some of the world's most-watched television broadcasts, setting television viewership records. Black, confident, cocky; my name, not yours; my religion, not yours; my goals, my own; get used to me. According to Khaliah, Aaisha and her mother lived at Ali's Deer Lake training camp alongside Belinda and her children. [34][35] DNA testing performed in 2018 showed that, through his paternal grandmother, Ali was a descendant of the former slave Archer Alexander, who had been chosen from the building crew as the model of a freed man for the Emancipation Memorial, and was the subject of abolitionist William Greenleaf Eliot's book, The Story of Archer Alexander: From Slavery to Freedom. Muhammad Ali Ali in 1967 Born Cassius Marcellus Clay Jr. (1942-01-17) January 17, 1942 Louisville, Kentucky, U.S. Died June 3, 2016 (2016-06-03) (aged 74) Scottsdale, Arizona, U.S. He stated: "Man, I ain't got no quarrel with them Viet Cong. Muhammad Ali, American boxer and social activist who was the first fighter to win the world heavyweight championship on three separate occasions. Patterson later said he had strained his sacroiliac. What were you doing to help your country live up to the covenant of its founding principles? see all. "[110] Ali's brother Rahman said that she was Ali's only true love and the Nation of Islam made Ali divorce her and Ali never got over it. In 1962, Clay met Malcolm X, who soon became his spiritual and political mentor. [277] On September 13, 1999, Ali was named "Kentucky Athlete of the Century" by the Kentucky Athletic Hall of Fame in ceremonies at the Galt House East. "[228] In 1978, following his loss to Spinks and before winning the rematch, Ali visited Bangladesh and received honorary citizenship there. The officer told Clay he had better learn how to box first. Although Ali clearly had the better of Patterson, who appeared injured during the fight, the match lasted 12 rounds before being called on a technical knockout. Muhammad Ali: Heavyweight Champion of the World . As a "rhyming trickster", he was noted for his "funky delivery", "boasts", "comical trash-talk", and "endless quotables. Muhammad Ali (/ɑːˈliː/;[3] born Cassius Marcellus Clay Jr.;[4] January 17, 1942 – June 3, 2016) was an American professional boxer, activist and philanthropist. On June 10, 2016, the funeral procession passed through the streets of Louisville ending at Cave Hill Cemetery, where his body was interred during a private ceremony. [254], In 1998, Ali began working with actor Michael J. She said he accepted responsibility and took care of her, but all contacts with him were cut off after he married his fourth wife Lonnie. [187] The decision was not based on, nor did it address, the merits of Ali's claims per se; rather, the Court held that since the appeal board gave no reason for the denial of a conscientious objector exemption to Ali, and that it was therefore impossible to determine which of the three basic tests for conscientious objector status offered in the Justice Department's brief that the appeal board relied on, Ali's conviction must be reversed. When asked to elaborate on his endorsement of Reagan, Ali told reporters, "He's keeping God in schools and that's enough. Liston stated that the reason he quit was an injured shoulder. [27] He had one brother. [286][287], The Muhammad Ali Boxing Reform Act was introduced in 1999 and passed in 2000, to protect the rights and welfare of boxers in the United States. Throughout most of the bout, however, Ali was able to circle away from Frazier's dangerous left hook and to tie Frazier up when he was cornered, the latter a tactic that Frazier's camp complained of bitterly. "[53] His provocative and outlandish behavior in the ring was inspired by professional wrestler "Gorgeous George" Wagner. Integration is wrong. [117][118], On November 19, 1986, Ali married Yolanda ("Lonnie") Williams. Ali was stripped of his championship and precluded from fighting by every state athletic commission in the United States for three and a half years.