The future is the tense used to predict or talk about future events. I believe that prices will rise. 2. She will have lots of pets. External link to Predictions with Will and To Be going to exercises (198). We use "going to" to talk about a planned activity for future. There are two basic future tenses used to describe things that happen in the future. — “I am going to take the midnight flight. What is he going to do? English Grammar B1 Level Copyright © 2018 by books4languages. For example: 1- If it rains tomorrow, I am going to stay home. I am going to win this game. For better understanding you can learn more about, Adjectives used only in Attributive Position, Adjectives used only in Predicative Position, Inanimate Possessive Case in Time Phrases, Used to vs To Be Used to vs To Get Used to, Predictions with Will and To Be going to exercises (198), For better understanding of the future, at A2 level see. Study these basic forms and then use the referenced resources to practice these forms. The main difference between the two forms is that "going to" is used for plans and intentions made before the moment of speaking, and the "will" to speak about the future at the moment of speaking. For the negative, we can say ‘will not’ or ‘won’t’. I have car keys in my bag. — “I believe I will be at the airport at 22:30, my flight is at midnight” = I am making a prediction. Use the future with will to talk about an event in the future that you have just decided to do, for predictions and for promises. “We need some paper for the photocopier.” “Okay, I’ll go and get some.”. 1. We can make predictions with the future simple. For example: What do you think will happen at school tomorrow?, What are you going to do after school today?, What will you do if you don't understand this lesson?, Where are you going to travel on your next vacation? How Many Verb Tenses Are There in English? We use the future simple (with will) to make a general prediction and to begoing to to predict the near future which seems sure to happen. In all of them, the prediction is based on something we can see right now. Children won’t go to school in the future. I’ll live in a big house when I’m older. The shop is probably going to lose money this month. (It is likely.) 2- If it rains tomorrow, I will stay home. A: Why is Betty in a hurry? In this making predictions with going to game, students play a game of dominoes by matching predictions with 'be going to' to situations and vice-versa. We can use ‘will’ or ‘’ll’ to talk about the future and make future predictions. Created with use of Wordpress and Pressbooks, We use the future to make predictions. It is going to rain. As you can see, both Will and Going to can be used for making future predictions without having a real difference in meaning. Examples: I think I'll go to that party next week. For plans or decisions made at the time of speaking. There are two ways to talk about the future. There are shorts and t shirts, sunglasses and a travel guide in his suitcase. 1- planned action (be going to) 2- spontaneous action (will) 3- prediction (will or be going to) My question asks about the difference between those two forms in if clauses. He is going to fall! I'm going to go on holiday next week. More examples: Tim is going too fast on his bicycle! — “I am going to take the midnight flight.” = It is certain that I am going to take a flight at midnight. ” = It is certain that I … More examples: (The phone rings) Julie: I'll get it! Will is used to indicate a prediction based on personal opinions or experiences while going to is used to express a prediction based on present evidence. Look at some more examples below. … Answer: He is going to go on holiday. (going to) Will expresses a future fact; going to is used to describe something is about to happen. B: Because she is going to meet her brother at the station at six. If you replace will with the going to form in the above examples, the prediction sounds more definite. If someone asks: "Are you busy this evening?" Let’s revise this content within the {Form} section. Predictions demonstrated with going to are therefore similar to planned events. (Correct) The weather report says it is going to rain tomorrow. The future in English can be rather confusing. I am going to watch it. We must use the future with going to. We sometimes also use the present continuous for planned events in the near future. (will) Look at those black clouds. ♦ “I am taking the midnight flight.” = We use the present continuous for future because we are expressing a fixed plan in the near future (without making a prediction). For example: It will be winter soon. Make predictions based on the evidence you are given in the sentences. I am putting on my hat, gloves and scarf. Do the differences between "will" and "going to" carry on to other clauses? Negative: Subject + will + not (won't) + verb, Questions: Question word + will + subject + verb. All Rights Reserved. English as a Second Language (ESL) Expert, Activities With the Future With Will and Going to, Guide to Past Perfect and Past Perfect Continuous for ESL, Visual Explanations of Each English Tense. Using “will”. ('I'm going to get it' is very strange, because it makes us think that Julie knew the phone was going to ring before it did). Examples: I think that Liverpool will beat Manchester United. Using the going to future form for predictions. Predictions. Some activities that will help you practice: Kenneth Beare is an English as a Second Language (ESL) teacher and course developer with over three decades of teaching experience. Start the lesson by asking some questions with 'will' and 'going to'. ('I'll go on holiday next week' makes it sound like you've only just decided at that minute. When we are making predictions based on circumstances that we can see right now, we cannot use the simple future with will. You’ll never pass your exams. Future Predictions. The structures we find in predictions are will and to be going to. There are two future forms used in most conversations: the future with "will" and the future with "going to." The future with "going to" is used to express events you have already planned in the future and your intentions for the future. Examples: I think United will win the game. To give or ask for information about the future. Example: Andrew is holding a suitcase at the airport. Past, Present, and Future Are Simple Tenses, Various Future Forms for English Learners, both the future with 'will' and with 'going to', M.A., Music Performance, Cologne University of Music, B.A., Vocal Performance, Eastman School of Music. We use the future simple  (with the auxiliary will) to express opinions, spontaneous decisions and hopes. They have different structures. We will notdrive normal cars. The first future tense is the future with "will." Positive: Subject + to be + going to + verb, Negative: Subject + to be + not + going to + verb, Questions:  (Question word) + to be + subject + going to + verb. The shop will close at 6 pm. Besides these two there are some other future tenses which can be started on the advanced future tenses page. The weather report says it will rain tomorrow. (It is almost certain.) B: Yes. (Correct) Compare Will vs. Her parents will be here in about an hour. Going To. Teachers can print out these materials for use in-class, or find help with how to teach future forms, as well as the lesson plans suggested below. We use future simple (will) and to be going to to make predictions, but the meaning is still slightly different. For instance : Take a look at the {Example} section that shows its use within a context. We use to be going to structure to express intentions for the future and make previsions which are almost sure to happen. We use "will" when we decide to do something at the time of speaking. 1) WILL (I'll answer the phone); 2) GOING TO (We are going to watch a movie tonight); 3) Present Continuous (He is leaving tomorrow) 4) Present Simple (My plane lands at … For instance: A: There is a good movie on TV tonight. Use the future with will to talk about an event in the future that you have just decided to do, for predictions and for promises. After pre-teaching or revising the use of 'be going to' to predict the future based on present evidence, give each group of three a set of dominoes. Examples: I shall be there at 3 o’clock. All her friends will come to her wedding. Be sure to mix the questions up. We use the future simple with thinking verb (to think, to believe, to evaluate…), {See Future with Will or Be going to, A2 level}. I know. For example: — “I believe I will be at the airport at 22:30, my flight is at midnight ” = I am making a prediction.