Spanish common names: Galápago de Fernandina, tortuga gigante de Fernandina. Rhodin et al. ", Thomas Matthews, master of the whaling ship Equator, 1846.6. This individual is now at the Fausto Llerena breeding center in Santa Cruz Island. "...the volcano is in awful operation at present. © 2020 Tropical Herping. Chelonoidis phantasticus (commonly known as the Fernandina Island Galápagos tortoise or Narborough Island giant tortoise) is a species of Galápagos tortoise that was discovered in 1906 and not seen again until a single female was discovered living on Fernandina Island by an expedition in February 2019. Chelonoidis phantastica[2], Chelonoidis phantasticus (commonly known as the Fernandina Island Galápagos tortoise or Narborough Island giant tortoise) is a species of Galápagos tortoise that was discovered in 1906 and not seen again until a single female was discovered living on Fernandina Island by an expedition in February 2019. There is one large cone which is like a large boiling pot which is boiling over. Die Riesenschildkröte Chelonoidis Phantasticus galt seit mehr als einem Jahrhundert als ausgestorben. Distribution: Chelonoidis phantasticus is endemic to Fernandina Island in Galápagos, Ecuador. [5][6][7], Chelonoidis phantasticus is considered a member of the Chelonoidis nigra species complex, variably considered a subspecies of C. nigra or a valid species itself. How to cite? Affiliation: Tropical Herping (TH), Quito, Ecuador. How can you help the Fernandina Giant-Tortoise? Affiliation: Laboratorio de Biología Evolutiva, Universidad San Francisco de Quito (USFQ), Quito, Ecuador. (2010) listed them separately but under the heading “C. Spanish common names: Galápago de Fernandina, tortuga gigante de Fernandina. [1][9] However, no confirmed live tortoises nor remains were found on Fernandina until an expedition in February 2019 discovered an elderly female. Taxonomy: This is a member of the Chelonoidis nigra species complex, variably considered subspecies of C. nigra or as valid species. [10] The expedition was led by wildlife biologist Forrest Galante who was accompanied by Washington Tapia, director of the Giant Tortoise Restoration Initiative, and included four rangers—Jeffreys Malaga, Eduardo Vilema, Roberto Ballesteros, and Simon Villamar— and was funded by Animal Planet. Chelonoidis phantasticus is the only species of giant tortoise known to occur on Fernandina Island. … Authors: Alejandro ArteagaaAffiliation: Tropical Herping (TH), Quito, Ecuador. The only known living individual of the species is at the Fausto Llerena breeding center in Santa Cruz island. Picture: Adult male. The red lava covers a field of 5 or 6 miles, which is a great illumination in the night. Although Fernandina is a 642 km2 island, only about 39–137 km2 is formed by habitat that can be potentially inhabited by tortoises. A revised Checklist with Distribution Maps of the Turtles of the World. Etymology: The generic name Chelonoidis comes from the Greek word chelone (meaning “tortoise”).8 The specific epithet phantasticus comes from the Greek word phantasia (meaning “illusion”),8 and it probably reflects John Van Denburgh's impression that Fernandina Island, described to him as one large cone of black lava,4 was no habitat for a real tortoise. Chelonoidis phantasticus is a diurnal and terrestrial tortoise inhabiting deciduous forests. See it in the wild: It seems that very few individuals of Chelonoidis phantasticus still persist in the highlands of Fernandina Island, which is inaccessible to tourism. Affiliation: Galapagos Science Center, Galápagos, Ecuador. Die Riesenschildkröte Chelonoidis Phantasticus galt seit mehr als einem Jahrhundert als ausgestorben. Tortoises of this species feed on grasses, herbs, shrubs, cacti.1,2. [11][12][13], Phylogenetic arrangement of turtles based on, "Chelonoidis phantasticus (errata version published in 2018)", "Turtles of the World: Annotated Checklist and Atlas of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution, and Conservation Status", "Preliminary descriptions of four new races of gigantic land tortoises from the Galapagos Islands", "How an 'extinct' tortoise was rediscovered after a century", "Tortoise thought to be extinct for a century found alive in Galapagos", "Turtles of the World, 2010 Update: Annotated Checklist of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution, and Conservation Status", "Tortuga considerada extinta hace 100 años es descubierta en Galápagos", "Not seen for 100 years, a rare Galápagos tortoise was considered all but extinct – until now", "Giant tortoise believed extinct for 100 years found in Galápagos", turtles of the world 2017 update: Annotated checklist and atlas of taxonomy, synonymy, distribution, and conservation status, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Fernandina_Island_Galápagos_tortoise&oldid=987741679, IUCN Red List critically endangered species, Taxonbars with automatically added original combinations, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 November 2020, at 23:36. Conservation: Critically Endangered.3 Until very recently, Chelonoidis phantasticus was only known from a single individual collected in 1906 by an expedition of the California Academy of Sciences.4 Since there are no records of whalers and buccaneers collecting Fernandina Giant-Tortoises5,6 and there are no introduced predators on the island, C. phantasticus was thought to have succumbed to volcanic activity.3,7 However, circumstantial evidence (tortoise scats, bite marks, and footprints) indicated that living individuals of the Fernandina Giant-Tortoise still existed.3 This optimistic guess has been nearly (pending genetic assignment and upcoming fieldwork) confirmed on February 2019, when an expedition led by Washington Tapia found an adult female presumably assigned to C. phantasticus. [8], Originally known from only one male specimen found (and killed) by members of the 1906 California Academy of Sciences expedition, there were discoveries of putative tortoise droppings and cactus bite marks in 1964 and 2013, and an unconfirmed sighting in 2009. Etymology : References: Iverson, J.B. 1992. Recognition: ♂♂ 87.6 cm ♀♀ 50.7 cm. It is recognizable by its strongly saddlebacked carapace. Chelonoidis phantasticus is the only species of giant tortoise known to occur on Fernandina Island. Probably needs to be called C. phantasticus following Olson & David 2014. and Juan M GuayasaminbAffiliation: Laboratorio de Biología Evolutiva, Universidad San Francisco de Quito (USFQ), Quito, Ecuador.,cAffiliation: Galapagos Science Center, Galápagos, Ecuador.,dAffiliation: Centro de Investigación de la Biodiversidad y Cambio Climático, Universidad Tecnológica Indoamérica, Quito, Ecuador. Available from: www.tropicalherping.com. Arteaga A, Guayasamin JM (2020) Chelonoidis phantasticus. In: Arteaga A, Bustamante L, Vieira J, Tapia W, Guayasamin JM (Eds) Reptiles of Galápagos. All rights reserved. Natural history: Historically extremely rare. English common names: Fernandina Giant-Tortoise, Narborough Island Giant-Tortoise. Sie kommt nur auf der unbewohnten Insel Fernandina vor. There are efforts being made to find a suitable male for Fern (the female) to breed with. Reptiles of Galápagos | Testudines | Testudinidae | Chelonoidis phantasticus. Jetzt haben Forscher ein Weibchen der eigentlich für tot erklärten Riesenschildkröte der Art „Chelonoidis Phantasticus“ gefunden. The best way you can help ensure a future for Galápagos' giant tortoises is by supporting the Giant Tortoise Restoration Initiative, an incredibly ambitious effort led by Galápagos Conservancy and the Galápagos National Park, to restore tortoise populations to their historical distribution and numbers across Galápagos. It is recognizable by its strongly saddlebacked carapace. Geochelone nigra phantastica Iverson, 1992[4] [5] The tortoise has been transferred to a breeding center on the nearby island of Santa Cruz for the purpose of conservation and genetic tests. Seit mehr als einem Jahrhundert galt sie als ausgestorben. Sie kommt nur auf der unbewohnten Insel Fernandina vor. (2010) lists them separately but under the heading "C. nigra species complex". Affiliation: Centro de Investigación de la Biodiversidad y Cambio Climático, Universidad Tecnológica Indoamérica, Quito, Ecuador. Recognition: ♂♂ 87.6 cm ♀♀ 50.7 cm. Rhodin et al. nigra species complex”. Testudo phantasticus Van Denburgh, 1907[3]