Descripción de las variedades de mango criollo colombiano. Colombia. The mango de azúcar is one of the most appreciate by islanders also due to the fact it is found with most frequency in household patios. As they get larger, however, branch competition for light reduces production sooner than a lower density, orchard. 2001). Colombia cuenta con 33 empresas despulpadoras, ... Mario Fernández, explicó que la variedad más apetecida es el mango de azúcar y que se proyecta cerrar este 2017 con 32 mil hectáreas, con un crecimiento promedio de 3 mil hectáreas nuevas anuales. ICA-Bancoldex. The first of four sets, each consisting of three replicate trees among the 12, were sprayed with 4% potassium nitrate on a 2-week schedule beginning 2 months after the pruning date. been conducted. The main residues of the interviewed companies come from orange, guava, guanabana and mango. Manual de, Asistencia Técnica No. (2,305 Ha), Magdalena (1,499 Ha), (Huila 1,340 Ha), Bolívar (1,238 Ha). flowering is common in ‘Davis Haden’, ‘Edward’, ‘Haden’, ‘ICA–1834’, ‘Irwin’. Great opportunities for mango exportation exist; however Colombia needs better infrastructure to process fruits into, marketable products. Editorial Produmedios. CORPOICA. . More research is required, on pollination, floral induction, fertilization, diseases, yield and post–harvest, biology. The Portuguese introduced these, mangoes into Brazil from their African colonies of Mozambique and Angola, (Mukherjee and Litz, 2009). The FP is translocated as far as 100cm in subtropical conditions and 52cm in tropical conditions. production in the early years of an orchard. (2010b). XXV led to mango growth promotion (dry biomass increased in root 89 %, stem 34 %, leaves 51 %, and foliar area 53 %), floral fate (floral buds 100 %), and increased number of flowers (100 %). Los resultados alcanzados en el estudio preliminar de las cadenas del Mango, Aguacate, Cítricos, Ñame y Guanában, demuestran que las alternativas de inversión con el propósito de aumentar el rendimiento y número de hectáreas cosechadas presentan los mayores impactos enfocados en una mejora de la calidad de los habitantes de la región. Floral anthesis occurs in the morning or at night depending on cultivar. Leaf-number treatments consisted of 0, 1/8, 1/4, 1/2, 1, 2, 3, or 4 leaves on each of 20–40 stems per branch. They have been shared and described here thanks to the efforts of the network that that Slow Food has developed around the world, with the objective of preserving them and raising awareness. Manejo agronomico del mango (. Youngfruits of ‘Tommy Atkins’ developed their distinctive, dark red coloration, whereas ‘Keitt’ fruit developed less intense reddish coloration once they were mature. Posee mucha fibra, una elevada acidez y mucho jugo. Most mangoes are vegetatively. Successfully germinated seedlings are usually, transplanted into potting soil contained in 30 to 40 cm deep and 18 to 20, cm diameter polyethylene plastic bags wherein they are usually later, grafted (Cartagena, 2001). aspects of mango biology such as pollination, floral induction, fertilization. Only a small part of the total mango production is exported (Bernal, 2009). Corporación, Colombiana de Investigación Agropecuaria, CORPOICA, Centro de Investigación. In the tropics, floral induction occurs in stems that have attained sufficient time in rest since the previous flush. Keitt, ICA–1835, and Palmer (Cartagena, 2001). Desired cultivars are also propagated by cuttings, layering, techniques, or somatic embryogenesis. Reyes, C. (2004). Local mango, production has increased since the last decade from about 135,000 MT to, 187,000 MT (FAOSTAT, 2011). that affects inflorescences and shoots; black mildew (. The most, commercially important mango cultivars were introduced from Florida. Yield potential per tree varies with cultivar, climatic conditions, and nutrient status of the trees. The leaf number and translocation experiment results support the hypothesis that far less FP More research about the general. The leaves are elliptical, and lance shaped with acuminated apexes, slightly undulated leaf margins. Cartagena, J.R. and Vega, D. (1992). Zill: De intensísimo aroma y carnosa pulpa de dulce sabor. and five defoliated receiver stems on each treatment branch. Boletín. On the islands of Providencia and Santa Catalina many wild trees are still found while on the island of Santa Catalina the numbers are more limited. p. 28. Técnico. More governmental aid should, be given to mango researchers in order to provide funds to individuals and, universities. conditions were right for floral induction in those buds. Major mango growing areas in, Colombia include: the Atlantic Coast, Huila Valley, Tolima Valley, Western, plains (Llanos orientates), and the Cordilleran Highlands. Industry standards determine color and, ., 2010a). tldav@ufl.edu, Mango is an important fruit for consumption in Colombia. In rural areas, there seem to be unique ways to include, mangoes on the menu. In this work a scan was made in Medellín and the South of Valle de Aburrá to know the current problem of these residues. Pesa unos 300 gr. Data indi-cate that inoculation of mango trees with plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (associated with this crop) is a potential alternative way to promote growth and induce flowering in mango, greatly reducing the high economical costs and environmental contamination associated with traditional agricultural practices. Two flowering seasons occurring in February to May and in, September to November are found near La Mesa village, Cundinamarca, state. C. (2005). Treatment applications were quantified using a one-m-square quadrate to determine the numbers of resting stems and vegetative and /or reproductive shoots contained within. Atributos de calidad del mango criollo para la agroindustria. Nitrogen content in leaves was similar in inocu-lated and noninoculated trees, around 1.4 % (optimal condition for floral induction). A flush event is one in which the resting buds on many stems in a section of tree canopy initiate growth (asynchronous flush) or when the entire canopy initiates bud growth at once (synchronous flush). Colombia is still not a major mango producing, country worldwide and is the fifth mango producer in South America behind, Brazil, with a total yield of 15,60 (mt/ha), Suriname 14,43 (mt/ha), Venezuela. Local criollo varieties are rich in fiber (4, . . Las principales variedades de mangos son: Apple: con mucho jugo y bastante ácido. Harvest techniques, should be developed to minimize adverse effects. Few investigations with, consistent methodologies have been conducted. produces 20 mt/ha/year in its 8th year (Cartagena and Vega, 1992; Cartagena, Mineral nutrition is important during the mango phenological cycle, but few, studies about mango fertilization have been conducted in Colombia (Bernal, of mango flowering (Ramírez and Davenport, 2010). All content in this area was uploaded by Fernando Ramírez on Apr 15, 2018, P.O. Each of these growing, regions is divided into individual mango producing states. 43. High mango. flowering of mango on Criollo cultivars and the ones introduced from Florida. Plastic and wood containers are used for packing. The proper balance of elements is a critical factor in the control. All rights reserved. More pedicels were found in ‘Tommy Atkins’ than in ‘Keitt’ during panicle development. Este artículo pretende mostrar al lector las ventajas de emplear la simulación prospectiva sobre las cadenas productivas agroindustriales, como una herramienta que complementaria el estudio y la evaluación de escenarios posibles con vista hacia construir un futuro próspero de una zona. . ., 2009). Colombia has different flowering and harvesting seasons. Fruit harvest starts from May to June and the second harvest period is. elements and/or compounds important for human nutrition such as: calcium. CIAL–SENA. The text from these descriptions may be used, without modifications and citing the source, for non-commercial purposes in line with the Slow Food philosophy. Other insect. 12,74 (mt/ha) and Peru 12,74 (mt/ha) in 2009 (FAOSTAT, 2011). En las islas de San Andres, Providencia y Santa Catalina hay una extensa variedad de mango las cuales se diferencian por la forma, sabor y aroma del fruto, así como por el color del follaje de árbol: algunos tienen hojas de un color verde claro y otras pueden ser de colores verdes oscuros intenos y rojisos. p. 123. Tommy Atkins, a cultivar that is more difficult to induce to flower than 'Keitt', had 18% of shoots flowering after the 5-month application and 100% flowering after the KNO3 application 6 months after the pruning date. Even though mangos are one of the fruits with the highest volume of production, there is a risk associated to the possible loss of diversity of varieties, to the loss of genetic material and to the loss of knowhow associated to each variety which is found only amongst older generations. Colombia puede producir mango durante 10 de los 12 meses del año, lo cual le da la posibilidad de exportar Hay cultivos establecidos, cerca a puertos marítimos, como los cultivos de la Costa Atlántica y actualmente cerca al futuro puerto de Urabá, Anza y Altamira. Fruticultura Colombiana. Editorial Produmedios. nutraceutical interest were determined: fiber, calcium and vitamin C. All of them were studied before and after the dehydration process. or by any means–electronic, electrical, chemical, mechanical, optical, photocopying, recording or otherwise–without the prior permission, P.O. Colombia is considered one of few countries, where mango is produced during all months of the year, and flowering–, harvest seasons can occur from one to three times per year depending on, the region and cultivar. Mango plantings are, usually established at the beginning of the rainy season in most regions in, order to effectively take advantage of precipitation for tree growth when, established either from seed or vegetatively (, Most mangoes are vegetatively propagated in Colombia. Anacardiaceae, Harvest, South America, Flowering, Processing. La Selva, Rionegro, Antioquia, Colombia. The roadmapping tool was employed to explore. The donor stem of the 1-leaf treatment and the donor and first receiver stem of the 3-leaf treatment in the translocation experiment were induced to flower in ‘Tommy Atkins’ trees. ‘Tommy Atkins’, ‘Sufaida’, ‘Kent’ and. slices in syrup, frozen mango pulp, frozen slices, juice, dried slices. Editorial Produmedios. Colombia produces mangoes during, all months on a yearly basis. Cesar (716 Ha), Atlántico (333 Ha), Guajira (297 Ha), Casanare (200 Ha), Cauca (191 Ha), Valle, (146 Ha), Nariño (75 Ha), and Norte de Santander (7, Commercial mango orchards of introduced cultivars from Florida, comprise about 4,000 ha, and wild type criollos comprise more than 10,000, doubled since 2000 (Table 1). García, J., Floriano, J., Corredor, J., Bernal, J., Vásquez, L., Sandoval, A., Forero, F. and Gómez, G. (2010b). Early flowering cultivars in Tolima State are: ., 2010b); however, not all the criollo varieties, . Successful off–season flowering experiments were conducted in ‘Keitt’ and, ‘Tommy Atkins’ near La Mesa, Cundinamarca State (Ramírez, Future experiments should focus in off–season flowering in criollos and, Florida´s introduced cultivars under different environmental conditions in, Colombia. A wide variety of, references are listed. entre actores para la posterior comprensión de las relaciones de causalidad existentes y descifrar sus comportamientos. #Mango. Mango (Mangifera indica L.) pollination: A review, Mango trees have no distinct phenology: The case of mangoes in the tropics, Growth Promotion and Flowering Induction in Mango (Mangifera indica L. cv ''Ataulfo'') Trees by Burkholderia and Rhizobium Inoculation: Morphometric, Biochemical, and Molecular Events, The Stem Age Required for Floral Induction of Synchronized Mango Trees in the Tropics, Atributos de Calidad del mango criollo para la agroindustria, The number of leaves required for floral induction and translocation of the florigenic promoter in mango (Mangifera indica L.) in a tropical climate, Mango ( Mangifera indica L.) flowering physiology. MAJOR VARIETIES USED AND METHODS OF PROPAGATION, The commercial varieties in Colombia can be divided into those introduced, from Florida (Table 2) and wild type criollos (Table 3). Colombia es el paraíso para los amantes de las frutas, y es que en este país existen una gran cantidad de árboles frutales propios de países tropicales, que además están disponibles en el país en una gran cantidad de variedades.. Las características climáticas del país hacen de Colombia un paraíso de árboles frutales que se extiende desde los Andes a la Costa. It is considered a high–energy food source rich in, carbohydrates such as sucrose, fructose, and glucose. International, Wallingford, UK, pp. Mango quality is dependent on cultivar, postharvest, handling, environmental conditions, and harvest method (García, 2010a). Growers feel it is, necessary to apply nitrogen–rich compounds such as urea, ammoniacals, or, nitrogen salts to facilitate mango tree growth, but few can afford it. * (FAOSTAT, 2011) Data refers to mango, mangosteen and guava. (18 MT), and Canada (15 MT) in 2008 (FAOSTAT, 2011). Octubre, pp. It is one of the most, important fruit crops, being the third highest in production and consumption, after citrus and bananas (Cartagena, 2001). Tafur, R. (2006). Editorial Piloto, Medellín, Colombia. Director of Research and Development, Atlas Technologies, Centuries with European colonization (Mukherjee, ., 2009). Esto provoca una escasa competencia de otros países, ya que la temporada en el resto de … Areas with single annual fruit harvests, typically occurring, in May to June, include the states of Bolívar, Córdoba, Sucre, and Meta and, from May to July in state of Cesar and November to January in Santander, There are early, mid, and late harvest cultivars among Florida´s, introduced and criollo varieties. Governmental aid and international funds for mango research, are important for mango research initiatives. The more distal receiver stems from the donor were vegetative. The recommended fertilizer applications of N–P–K (15–, 15–15) for young trees from the first to fourth years in the ground are: 250 g/, tree of N–P–K every 3 months in the first year, 500 g every 3 months in the, second, and 750 g each three months in third year and applying ammonium, sulfate or urea from the fourth to seventh year (Bernal, poor in minor elements in most mango growing regions. Irwin: con mucha pulpa y poco fibroso. 0 per tree; the second application is 40 g N, 0 g P, ., 2010a,b). Tip pruning and foliar applied KNO3 are effective methodologies that induce synchronous flowering especially in Colombia. The tree is very tall (ranging from 5 to 15 metres) with an oblong, pyramidal or semi-circular cup. Fruticultura Colombiana. Translocation experiments suggest that the FP is carried from leaves to buds in phloem. Potassium nitrate (KNO3) has been shown to stimulate flowering in sufficiently mature stems. concentrate, nectar, pickle, jams, and yogurt (Cartagena, 2001). Stem age was the key factor correlated with flowering.